Jakarta is heading towards global city status but some people might have noticed as a megacity, the capital city of Indonesia (still) did not even get a mention on the list of sustainable cities in the world. It follows the fact that many challenges exist to maintaining Jakarta to advance in urban development. Furthermore, in order to adopt the 2030 Agenda for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the Jakarta administration shall address issues in achieving Goal 11 of SDGs: establishing inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable city.
Unquestionably, Jakarta attracted people from all parts of Indonesian provinces or even more from other countries in hope of a better living and economic reason. From few available data, Jakarta’s population is estimated at 10 million in 2017 and the number of migrants will be continuously growing and it is expected to be increased approximately 16 million by 2020. As such, a set of goals to make proactive plan in managing the flow of migrants shall be further implemented. Given the fact that it is difficult to control the urbanization; the Jakarta Administration (in a power) shall be able to deliver on the commitment for productivity increase such as providing infrastructure and public services.
Although Jakarta is still undergoing various large-scale regeneration projects and facing a shortage of basic service such as fragmented public transport, such challenges can be overcome in a way that the administration shall continue to innovate the system. For instance, at the regional level, the Jakarta Government initiated and launched the Jakarta Smart City program in 2014 as the most integrated public reporting and information platform. The purpose of this program is to establish a technology-based service for the residents. However, the concept of “Smart City” is only limited to the extent of the process of data sharing and open government. In spite of such limitation, the potential of using “Jakarta Smart City” concept can further develop positive impacts and consistency in creating sustainable and livable city.
In this regard, the development of Jakarta towards sustainable development cannot be achieved without significantly transforming urban spaces management. It also involves investment in public transport and green public spaces which still requires significant room for improvement for example by expanding public transport with special attention to persons with disabilities. As one of the biggest concerns for planning urban management in Jakarta, while the undeveloped projects are still in the making, the environmental problems still continue to prevail. It has been proven that a solid plan can significantly improve air quality by paying special attention to waste management.
Moreover, a sustainable city can offer a good quality of life not only to current residents at all ages but also provide opportunities for future residents with access to energy and sustainable housing (human settlement). As a message of hope to future generation of young people, involving and recognizing youth in the process to create sustainable development is a key to driving force for SDGs achievement. In order to reach their potential and enable them to become productive residents, they shall be provided with access to obtain basic sanitation, healthcare, education and transportation. Young people shall take an active part in creating regional action plans for reaching the SDGs over the next 13 years because at the grassroots level, empowering youth can create and support long-term sustainable development with great potential for leadership and lasting impact.
On this point, elevating the critical role of mayor, governor and regional government as a whole is crucial because the new administration-elect shall shape the future urban concept of Jakarta in turning campaign promises and commitments into concrete solutions for the purpose of establishing sustainable city concept. Furthermore, the administration shall offer unique opportunities in seeking solutions on challenges of how Jakarta as a megacity can be managed. The solution shall include city of opportunities for all including women, children, person with disabilities and older persons. Thus, the administration shall set regional standards of achievement in sustainable urban development by drawing cooperation with urban actors at all levels of governments as well as youth, civil society and private sector.